Open access publications

  • “Stimulating urban transition and transformation to achieve sustainable and resilent cities”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. Maddalen Mendizabal et al. 
  • ”Enhancing the practical utility of risk assessments in climate change adaptation”. Sustainability, 10(5). 1399.Connelly, A., Carter, J., Handley, J., Hincks, S. 2018.
  • “A climate risk typology of Europe’s NUTS3 regions”. Jeremy Carter et al. Poster presented at the IPCC Cities Conference, 5th-7th March 2018, Edmonton, Canada. The poster is available to download here:
  • “The RESIN climate change adaptation project and its simple modelling approach for risk-oriented vulnerability assessment”, Fraunhofer IAIS. Daniel Lückerath et al. DOI 10.11128/sne.28.2.10412
  • “RESIN Climate resilient cities and infrastructures”: Poster presented at ASIM Workshop STS/GMMS 2018, March 8-9, 2018, Vienna. Daniel Lückerath et al.
  • Understanding risks in the light of uncertainty: low-probability, high-impact coastal events in cities. Environ. Res. Lett. 12, 014017. Abadie, L.M., Galarraga, I., Sainz de Murieta, E., 2017.
  • Addendum to ‘Understanding risks in the light of uncertainty: low-probability, high-impact coastal events in cities.’ Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 029401Galarraga, I., Murieta, E.S. de, Markandya, A., Abadie, L.M., 2018.
  • “The effect of flooding on mental health: Lessons learned for building resilience”. Water Resources Research 53, 5831–5844. Foudi, S., Osés‐Eraso, N., Galarraga, I., 2017.
  • “Towards successful adaptation: a checklist for the development of climate change adaptation plans” (Working Paper No. 2017/01). BC3 Basque Centre for Climate Change, Bilbao.Olazabal, M., Galarraga, I., Ford, J., Lesnikowsk, A., Sainz de Murieta, E., 2017.
  • “Climate Risk Assessment under Uncertainty: An Application to Main European Coastal Cities”. Frontiers in Marine Science 3. Abadie, L.M., Sainz de Murieta, E., Galarraga, I., 2016.


Voluntary project report

Climate Change Risk Assessment of Greater Manchester’s Critical Infrastructure



Peer-reviewed journal papers

The RESIN Climate Change Adaptation Project and its Simple Modeling Approach for Risk-oriented Vulnerability Assessment

Authors: Daniel Lückerath, Manfred Bogen, Erich Rome, Betim Sojeva, Oliver Ullrich, Rainer Worst, Jingquan Xie

Journal: Simulation Notes Europe, Volume 28(2), 2018, selected ASIM/GMMS/STS 2018 Postconf. Publ., p 49-54


The economics of climate change adaptation measures in cities: A systematic literature review

Authors: Markanday, A., Galarraga, I. and Markandya A.

(Under review in Climatic Change)


Framework and metrics to assess local climate adaptation policy credibility

Authors: Olazabal, M., Galarraga, I., Ford, J., Lesnikowsk, A., Sainz de Murieta, E.

(Under review in International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development), 2018.


A credibility Index for Local Climate Adaptation Policies.

Authors: Marta Olazabal*, Ibon Galarraga, James Ford, Alexandra Lesnikowsky, Elisa Sainz de Murieta,

Global Environmental Change (submitted)


Peer-reviewed conference papers

Assessment of Climate Change-Related Risks and Vulnerabilities in Cities and Urban Environments

Authors: Jingquan Xie, Manfred Bogen, Daniel Lückerath, Erich Rome, Betim Sojeva, Oliver Ullrich, Rainer Worst

Presented at: Interoperability for Crisis Management: Increasing Resilience of Smart Cities (ICRIM 2018), co-located with 9th I-ESA 2018 Conference, Berlin, Germany, March 20–23, 2018

Strategies to Mitigate the Impacts of Climate Change Related Events on Public Transit Networks

Authors: Daniel Lückerath, Manfred Bogen, Erich Rome, Oliver Ullrich, Rainer Worst, Jingquan Xie

Presented at: 24th ASIM Symposium Simulation Technique 2018 - (ASIM-SST 2018), 4.-5. October 2018, HafenCity Universität Hamburg


IVAVIA: Impact and Vulnerability Analysis of Vital Infrastructures and Built-Up Areas

Authors: Erich Rome, Oliver Ullrich, Daniel Lückerath, Rainer Worst, Jingquan Xie, Manfred Bogen

To appear in: Proceedings of CRITIS 2018, the 13th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, Kaunas, Lithuania, 24.-26.9.2018, Springer LNCS.

Implementing tools for assessing vulnerability of urban population to climate change risks – example of the co-creation process in Bratislava City (Slovak Republic)

Authors: Eva Streberová, Tamara Reháčková, Mária Kozová, Eva Pauditšová, Ingrid Konrad, Martina Tichá, Erich Rome, Manfred Bogen, Natália Puschmannová

Presented at: 8th IDRiM Conference 2017, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 23-25, 2017


Book chapter

Risk-based analysis of the vulnerability of urban infrastructure to the consequences of climate change

Authors: Erich Rome, Manfred Bogen, Daniel Lückerath, Oliver Ullrich, Rainer Worst, Eva Streberová, Margaux Dumonteil, Maddalen Mendizabal, Beñat Abajo, Efrén Feliu, Peter Bosch, Angela Connelly and Jeremy Carter

In: Dimitris Gritzalis, Marianthi Theocharidou, George Stergiopoulos (eds.): Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience: Theories, Methods, Tools and Technologies, Springer, Series Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications ISBN 978-3-030-00023-3, to appear 18.12.2018.



EU H2020 Project RESIN, 2018. IVAVIA Guideline – Impact and Vulnerability Analysis of Vital Infrastructures and built-up Areas

Rome, E., Bogen, M., Lückerath, D., Ullrich, O., Voss, H., Voss, N., Worst, R., Carter, J., Connelly, A., Cariolet, J.-M., Dumonteil, M., Mendizabal, M., Ellis, M., Bosch, P., and Streberová, E.: . Fraunhofer, Sankt Augustin, Germany, Revision 3.0, 15.06.2018


Public deliverables

D1.1 Reviews Concepts and Approaches 

These reports aim to review the state of knowledge and scientific discourse in topics relevant for the RESIN programme of work.

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This document outlines the definitions for various terms that will be employed throughout the RESIN project glossary.

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The RCF underpins RESIN by establishing a context for the project and clarifying the key concepts, and the relationships between them, that the project is developed around.

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D1.4 Typology Final Report 

This deliverable of the RESIN project presents the European Climate Risk Typology.


D1.5 WP1 Final Report 

The goal of Work Package 1 (WP1) was to establish a coherent framework of concepts and ap-proaches linked to understanding and responding to extreme weather and climate change risks in urban areas, with a particular focus on critical infrastructure.



This report describes the general approach of the RESIN project to support the vulnerability analysis (VA) of urban areas and their critical infrastructures regarding the impacts of climate change.

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D2.2 Standardization in urban climate adaptation

This report describes standardization activities that have been carried out as part of the RESIN project.2 Worldwide, standards are being used to provide a degree of certainty that products and processes meet requirements for quality and performance. Standards can play a similarly beneficial role with regard to climate change adaptation, by making possible a faster and broader uptake of knowledge and best practices through an internationally recognised and trusted platform.

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D2.3 Realisation & implementation IVAVIA

Realisation & implementation of method and tools for Impact and Vulnerability Analysis of Vital Infrastructures and built-up Areas. 


D2.4 City case realization IVAVIA

This deliverable 2.4 reports on the developer's experiences with a view to the realisation and implementation of the exemplary application of the IVAVIA method that was conducted by Fraunhofer and the work package (WP) 2 research partners (Fraunhofer, EIVP, Siemens, UNIMAN, UNIBA, Tecnalia) in close co-ordination with the tier-1 city partners Bilbao, Bratislava, Greater Manchester and Paris.


D2.5 Applying IVAVIA 

Test and assessment of the ‘Impact and Vulnerability Analysis of Vital Infrastructures and built-up Areas’ methodology in the city cases of Bilbao and Bratislava.



This study aims to develop a library or catalogue of standardised adaptation options.

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D3.2 Standardising methods for prioritising adaptation options. Toolbox 

This report provides support tools for decision making. Thus, this report is aimed at decision-makers involved in environmental issues, particularly practitioners that are responsible for the development and management of climate change adaptation plans. 

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D3.3 Policy guideline

The aim of this report is to outline the research team's Adaptation Pathway Design approach as a tool to support policy formulation and implementation of measures in a city, as well as to describe its application in Bilbao and Greater Manchester. The deliverable proposes an operational method to decide on the most suitable implementation strategy for adaptation at different scales (the city level and site level), according to the effectiveness of the adaptation measures, their technical, financial and governance implications, the main objectives and defined acceptable thresholds.

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D3.6 Completed library of adaptation options  

The Adaptation Options Library (AOL) tool is a comprehensive database of adaptation options related to heat, pluvial, fluvial and costal floods, droughts and wind storms.



This report, which gathers the cities assessment reports of all four RESIN cities of Bilbao, Bratislava, Greater Manchester and Paris, will allow the RESIN cities and project partners to gain an overview over which adaptation and critical infrastructure protection (CIP) strategies, plans and measures are already in place or planned.

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D4.2 Developing the RESIN tools, advancing local adaptation: Recommendations for co-creation in applied research 

There is growing interest in the concept of co-creation among researchers and funders of research, with a view to securing greater research impact and uptake of new knowledge by end-users. However, gaps in understanding still remain concerning what exactly co-creation is, which benefits it provides, and how to go about it. This report responds to this gap, by describing the positive and negative impacts observed by the RESIN project participants, as well as the enablers of and barriers to co-creation encountered.


D4.3 Decision support tools for climate change adaptation - User Guide 

Guide to the use of the RESIN tools as part of climate change adaptation planning and implementation


Download: Spanish language version

Download: Slovak language version

Download: French language version

D5.1 Standardization in urban climate adaptation

Refer to D2.2 above

D5.2 Options for certification

Certification is the independent quality assessment of a product, service or person. The resulting certificate demonstrates compliance with predefined standards.

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Methods and Tools in support of Stakeholder Analysis and Involvement

This report presents an overview of methods and tools in support of a stakeholder analysis for the various steps and stages of preparing for and developing and implementing climate adaptation strategies.

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This report elaborates on the development approach and expected outline, use and form of the framework in which the decision support tooling will be presented to the end-users. To this end, a framework is developed in which all supportive elements to the end users can be placed, and presented. Eventually, in this framework, the supportive tools, methods and other structures will be referenced; this includes the results from other RESIN WP’s and external sources. Finally, an outline of a work plan is presented to develop and operationalise the framework, in close collaboration with the RESIN city partners.

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D6.3 Coping with complexity, handling uncertainty  

This report should be seen as the starting point of addressing the issues of uncertainty and complexity in the RESIN project.

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D6.4 EGuide development

High Level Description of submitted results

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D6.5 Decision Support tools

This deliverable describes the use of tools and methods within the context of the e-Guide as an information system supporting the development of adaptation plans and strategies by cities and city (infrastructure) managers. The tools referred in the e-Guide are listed, and the way and places they are referred to in the e-Guide decision framework are discussed.

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D6.6 EGuide

This document has been prepared to mark the delivery of this electronic product and outlines the contents, process and decisions underlying the development of the e-Guide, which can found at

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D6.7 Integrated Planning Challenge Methodology

This deliverable further elaborates the element of cross-domain integration. It presents the co-creation of the Integrated Planning Challenge methodology, with two cities (Bolton (UK) and Rotterdam (NL)). The Integrated Planning Challenge methodology facilitates cities to determine and exploit cross-siloed synergies. The case study in Bolton addresses the redevelopment of the town centre and improvement of access to the River Croal. The second case study in Rotterdam addresses the redevelopment of the main infrastructure corridors into highly sustainable and liveable places.

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This document provides an overview of the RESIN website and lays out the logic behind the design and the features that can be supported following future updates.

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D7.3 Knowledge transfer workshops

Two Knowledge transfer Workshops (KtW) were organized. The first KtW was hosted by the core city of Bratislava from 12-13th June 2017 and included the tier-2 cities that were paired with Bratislava and Manchester, whereas the second knowledge transfer workshop was hosted by the core city of Paris on the 18-19th October 2017 and included the tier-2 cities assigned to Paris and Bilbao.

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D7.4 2-Tier webinars

The aim of this report is to explain the design, organisation and implementation of the webinars.

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D7.5 Stakeholder Dialogues 

In the framework of work package 7 (WP7), two Stakeholder Dialogues were organised and implemented as part of the RESIN Tier-2 Circle of Learning. This report provides an overview of the development, the implementation, and the outcomes of both events.

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D7.6 Policy Briefs

Collaboratively developing tools for climate change adaptation – Lessons for research and policy

This policy brief includes recommendations for research teams and city level decision-makers corresponding to 1) the main obstacles to effective  climate change adaptation at city level encountered by cities in the RESIN consortium, and 2) the challenges of effective research-practice collaboration, with corresponding recommendations.


Standardisation in local climate change adaptation: benefits, myths and recommendations

This policy brief provides an outline of the urban standardisation landscape in Europe, covering the benefits of (and barriers to) using standards for local climate change adaptation, outlining existing relevant standards for local governments, busting persistent myths about using them, and concluding with a set of recommendations for local governments and creators of standards.


D7.7 Final conference 

The RESIN project held its final conference on 9th October 2018 in Brussels as an official side event of the European Week of Regions and Cities. The event shared the outcomes of the RESIN pro-ject with cities, regions, European policymakers and scientists undertaking research into urban climate adaptation and resilience, to support the exploitation of project results and share relevant messages arising from the project with key stakeholders involved in making and implementing policy.